We have to talk about the specification size and regional division of ice hockey. Ice hockey court located in a area, where the length is sixty-one meters and the width is thirty meters. And the venue surrounded by cement ground from one hundred and nineteen centimeters high to one hundred and twenty-two centimeters high wooden boundary wall. The middle of the court has a red line of thirty centimeters, called the centre line; it divides the court into two halves. The half court where your own team goal locates is called the second half, or called half of the team. The other half of the goal is the first half or the other side. Two sides of the midline rest a blue line, which is thirty centimeters wide, it is partition line. The partition line divides the whole court into three sections, the offensive zone, the defensive zone and the central zone. For the defensive zone, it is an area where your own goal is or the other side’s front zone. The central region of two sides is the mid court. There is a red line with five centimeters on both ends of the court, we call it the goal line. Hockey door locates in the middle place of this line.
Seventh, each game will last sixty minutes. There are three bureaus, each about twenty minutes, and a break of fifteen minutes. Overtime will be carried out if score is still at the end of the third bureau, it will last five minutes. The method of sudden-death is used in overtime, the side who advance a ball first will be the winner. In order to choose a winner, the method of shoot-out will be taken if two parties all fail to score. Two teams will take part in a round of game, there are twenty-three players in each game, but only six team members will have the opportunity to participate in the game. According to the position, there is a goalkeeper, two defenders and three forwards. During a competition, the athletes can change their players at any time without the referee.
National hockey league were founded in the year of 1917, with a total number of five teams. After a series of expansion, dissolution and migration, today there are Jonathan Toews Jersey thirty teams, twenty-four locates in the United States, six locates in Canada. Montreal Canadian team is the most successful team in the history, it wins the Stanley Cup for twenty-four times. Montreal Canadian team is the only winner who wins more than Major League Baseball of New York Yankees among the four major professional sports in North America. The second successful team is the Toronto Maple Leaf, won a total number of thirteen Stanley Cups. But after 1967, it never won. Detroit Red Wing team who won ten times of the Stanley Cup was the most successful team of America.
Nowadays, there are two alliances of NHL teams and they are Eastern alliance and Western alliance. There are three competition zones of each alliance, each zone will own five teams. We can know today’s division by comparing to the hockey season from 1998 to 1999. There are six areas now, because the alliance adds two areas after a reform. There are thirty teams of NHL currently, such as Eastern Conference, Atlantic, New Jersey Devils, New York Islanders, New York Rangers, Philadelphia Flyers, Pittsburgh Penguins and Northeast. About hockey sport, there are some countries that are in the leading position, such as Canada, the United States and Russia. Ice hockey requires athletes have the ability of strength, endurance, speed, skill, determination, courage and other qualities.